Switch is a toggle control that allows users to turn a single option on or off. Switch component is commonly used for binary settings, such as enabling or disabling features or modes. They provide immediate, visible feedback about the state of an option, making them intuitive and efficient to use.

This Blueprint provides an in-depth look at the Switch component, covering its anatomy, states, behavior, best practices, and usage examples.


Switch consists of a handle gliding on a track, with each element being integral to its function. Optionally, the handle may feature an icon, enhancing visual clarity for the switch's active state.

Switch Toggle anatomy

For optimal user experience, switches should have an inline label. This label explicitly defines the action or feature controlled by the switch when engaged. But in certain scenarios, standalone switches prove to be effective, particularly when their relationship with other components is clear and they offer sufficient context.


Enabled: When a switch is in its enabled state, it's fully operational and responsive to user interactions. In this state, users can activate or deactivate the switch, typically through a simple click or tap.

Hover: Primarily relevant in web applications, the hover state is triggered when a user moves their cursor over the switch. This state often involves a visual alteration, like a change in color or a highlighting effect, signaling to the user that the element is interactive.

Focus: Activated when the switch gains keyboard focus, commonly via tab navigation, the focus state is crucial for accessibility. It visually emphasizes the switch, often through an outline or color change, indicating that it's the current target for keyboard operations.

Pressed: Upon clicking or tapping the switch, it enters the pressed state. Visually, this state often resembles the action of pressing a physical button, such as by changing in depth or color, providing immediate tactile feedback that the user's input has been recognized and is being processed.

Disabled: The disabled state occurs when the switch is non-interactive, often displayed as grayed out or visually muted. This state is used to signify that the option the switch represents is currently unavailable or irrelevant in the given context. It helps prevent user confusion by clearly delineating which options are active and which are not.

Switch Toggle States

These distinct states not only enhance the usability of the switch component but also contribute to a more intuitive and seamless user experience. They ensure that users are always aware of the switch's current status and its available interactions.


Activating a switch, achieved through a tap or click, toggles it on or off, with the knob sliding across its track to indicate this change. Interacting with the label next to the switch also activates it. A switch is considered successfully toggled when its handle reaches the opposite end of the track, ensuring clear and responsive feedback for the user.


Switches are ideally suited for adjusting settings and individual options, offering a binary choice such as On/Off or True/False. Toggling a switch has an instantaneous effect, removing the necessity for a separate action to save changes. Use switches when you require the instant toggling of a single item or feature, enabling or disabling it immediately.

Switches are designed to mirror the simplicity and immediacy of a physical light switch, which instantly toggles a light On or Off. This design informs the user's expectations, leading them to anticipate binary choices. In scenarios where options are more complex than a binary choice, Segmented controls, Radio buttons, or Checkboxes are more suitable.

Switch Toggle usage example

For example, a Switch could be used in a mobile app's settings to enable or disable notifications, whereas a choice of notification sounds would be better presented with Radio buttons, offering multiple options beyond a simple binary.

Switches are designed to change states instantly, rather than initiate single-use actions. They are best suited for settings where toggling the switch directly corresponds to enabling or disabling a particular state.

Switch Toggle usage example

For instance, in a music streaming app, a Switch could be used for turning the private playlist mode On or Off, representing a direct state change. However, for downloading a playlist, a button would be the appropriate control, as the action of downloading is a one-time event.

Switch vs check, radio

Understanding the difference between switches, checkboxes, and radio buttons is crucial in UI/UX design, as each serves a distinct purpose and caters to different user needs.

Switch Toggle vs Checbox and Radio buttons

Switches: A switch is a control that toggles a single setting on or off, much like a light switch. It's used for binary options where the user must choose between two states, such as enabling/disabling settings. Switches are ideal for real-time settings that take effect immediately.

Checkboxes: Checkboxes allow users to select multiple items from a set or to mark a single option as selected or not. Unlike switches, checkboxes don't imply immediate action or change in settings.

Radio Buttons: Radio buttons are used for selecting a single option from a group, ensuring that only one option can be selected at a time. They are suitable for mutually exclusive choices. Once a user selects one radio button, any previously selected button in the group is automatically deselected.

In summary, Switches imply an immediate action or state change, Checkboxes allow for multiple selections in a set or to mark a single option as selected, and Radio buttons enable the selection of a single option from multiple choices. Each of these controls plays a distinct role in guiding user interaction and enhancing the overall user experience.

Best practices

In designing switches, prioritize clarity and functionality. Use them for simple binary choices such as Yes/No or True/False, which have an immediate impact on content or view states. Avoid using them in scenarios that present multiple, mutually exclusive options where only one can be selected at a time. In cases where the interaction is more complex, alternative UI elements like Segmented controls, Radio buttons, or Checkboxes should be considered. Ensure switches are clearly linked to what they control with labels or context.

It's important to remember that switches are designed for toggling states instantly and should operate independently. They are not intended for executing single, standalone actions.

To delve deeper into best practices and real-world examples, take a look at the Switch component in Design Systems from leading design teams and top tech companies.